Sanskrit Axioms on Friendship

Sanskrit Proverbs on Friendship

Sanskrit Proverbs i.e. Subhashitas are short, well-known sayings which state a general truth or piece of advice. They help us understand and learn the right thing to do. The proverbs listed here are taken from ancient Indian texts which have been written by many learned Rishis and Gurus.

न कश्चित् कस्यचित् मित्रं, न कस्यचित् कश्चिद् रिपुः।
व्यवहारेण एव जायन्ते, मित्राणि रिपवस्तथा॥

Transliteration
na kaścit kasyacit mitraṃ, na kasyacit kaścid ripuḥ।
vyavahāreṇa eva jāyante, mitrāṇi ripavastathā॥

Meaning in English
No one is a friend, nor is one an enemy of one another. Friends and enemies can only be recognized through their behaviour.

भावार्थ
कोई किसीका मित्र नहीं होता, कोई किसीका शत्रु नहीं होता। कार्यवश से ही मित्र और शत्रु बनते हैं।

परोक्षे कार्यहन्तारं, प्रत्यक्षे प्रियवादिनम्।
वर्जयेत् तादृशं मित्रं, विषकुम्भं पयोमुखम्॥

Transliteration
parokṣe kāryahantāraṃ, pratyakṣe priyavādinam।
varjayet tādṛśaṃ mitraṃ, viṣakumbhaṃ payomukham॥

Meaning in English
One should avoid friendship with people who are two faced. One should abandon such people as they are like a pitcher filled with poison but covered with milk.

भावार्थ
पीठ पीछे काम बिगाड़ने वाला, सामने प्रिय बाते बोलने वाला, ऐसे मित्र का त्याग कर देना चाहिए, क्योंकि वह मित्र मुँह पर दूध रखे हुए घड़े के समान हैं।​

विद्या मित्रं प्रवासेषु भार्या मित्रं गृहेषुच।
व्याधितस्यौषधं मित्रं धर्मो मित्रं मृतस्यच॥

Transliteration
vidyā mitraṃ pravāseṣu bhāryā mitraṃ gṛheṣuca।
vyādhitasyauṣadhaṃ mitraṃ dharmo mitraṃ mṛtasyaca॥

Meaning in English
During travel, Knowledge is a friend. At home, Wife is a friend. During illness, Medicines are our friends. After death, our good deeds are our friends.

भावार्थ
प्रवास में विद्या मित्र होती है, घर में पत्नी मित्र होती है, रोग में औषधि मित्र होती है, मृतक का मित्र धर्म होता है।