Sanskrit Letters

What can you expect to Read & Learn

Sanskrit is writen in the देवनागरी (Devanāgarī) script.
One can learn about Sanskrit Letters, Svarāḥ, Vyañjanāni and much more.
In Sanskrit, Letters are known as वर्णानि (). These are the letters of the Sanskrit alphabet. They are 46 in number. In Sanskrit, there are no capital or small letters.
There are two main types of letters in Sanskrit- the स्वराः  (Svarāḥ) which are the 13 vowels and the व्यञ्जनानि (Vyañjanāni) which are the 33 consonants.
A syllable in Sanskrit is the mixture of one vowel and one or more consonants. 
Also, there are two varṇās which come after a vowel and cannot be pronounced by themselves. These are known as the आयोगवाहौ (Āyogavāhau).

  • Māheśvarī-Sutrāṇi

    In Sanskrit, this is written as माहेश्वरी-सुत्राणि. This is the actual Sanskrit alphabet. It was created when Lord Shiva did the cosmic dance. The letters of Sanskrit are based on it.

  • Alphabet

    In Sanskrit, this is known as वर्णमाला (Varṇamālā). This is quite similar to the Maheshwari Sutrani, but it is easier to understand and all of the letters are arranged in a systematic way.

  • Vowels

    In Sanskrit, these are known as स्वराः (). They are 13 in number and are of three types.

  • Consonants

    In Sanskrit, these are known as व्यञ्जनानि (). They are 46 in number and are of multiple types.

  • Ayogavāhau

    In Sanskrit, this is written as अयोगवाहौ. These are two letters in Sanskrit which are dependent on vowels for pronunciation. They cannot be pronounced by themselves.

  • Varṇa-Viccedaḥ & Varṇa-Saṃyogaḥ

    Varṇa-Viccedaḥ & Varṇa-Saṃyogaḥ are two procedures in Sanskrit which are very useful. In Varna-Vicchedah, the word is split into letters, and in Varna-Samyogah, different words are combined together to make a word.

वर्णविच्छेदः & वर्णसंयोगः  वर्णविच्छेदः (varṇavicchedaḥ): This is the separation of letters (वर्णानि) of a certain word (शब्दः). e.g.-
अयोगवाहौ (Ayogavāhau) are Varnas in Sanskrit which always come after vowels. They cannot be pronounced by themselves. There
व्यञ्जनानि (Vyañjanāni) are the consonants of Sanskrit. They are 33 in number. Consonants, when not mixed with any
The वर्णमाला (Varṇamālā) contains all the letters of Sanskrit alphabet in a systematic way. It is quite similar to
स्वराः (Svarāḥ), are vowels of the Sanskrit alphabet. They are also known as अच् (Ac), as in the
The Māheśvarī-Sūtrāṇi are fourteen sounds which contain all the letters of the Sanskrit alphabet. Lord Shiva, when he
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