Colour names in Sanskrit

Learn Colour names in Sanskrit along with its transliteration, English and Hindi names.

In Sanskrit वर्णानां नामानि (varṇānāṃ nāmāni) means Names of Colours.

This list is very helpful for students and newbies interested in learning Sanskrit.

Note: In the below given list, grammatical gender of colour names has changed in some places as they are adjectives in those cases and are influenced by the object that they are describing.

White - श्वेतः

In Sanskrit, White colour is known as श्वेतः (śvetaḥ) and सफ़ेद in Hindi.

The word श्वेतः (śvetaḥ) can be applied in a sentence as follows – हंसः श्वेतवर्णः अस्ति। (haṃsaḥ śvetavarṇaḥ asti।), which means “The swan is white in colour”.

Orange - नारङ्गम्

In Sanskrit, Orange colour is known as नारङ्गम् (nāraṅgam) and संतरी in Hindi.

The word नारङ्गम् (nāraṅgam) can be applied in a sentence as follows – नारङ्गफलं नारङ्गवर्णम् अस्ति। (nāraṅgaphalaṃ nāraṅgavarṇam asti।), which means “The orange fruit is orange in colour”.

Blue - नीलः

In Sanskrit, Blue colour is known as नीलः (nīlaḥ) and नीला in Hindi.

The word नीलः (nīlaḥ) can be applied in a sentence as follows – आकाशः नीलवर्णः अस्ति। (ākāśaḥ nīlavarṇaḥ asti।), which means “The sky is blue in colour”.

Black - कृष्णः

In Sanskrit, Black colour is known as कृष्णः (kṛṣṇaḥ) and काला in Hindi.

The word कृष्णः (kṛṣṇaḥ) can be applied in a sentence as follows – काकः कृष्णवर्णः अस्ति। (kākaḥ kṛṣṇavarṇaḥ asti।), which means “The crow is black in colour”.

Green - हरितः

In Sanskrit, Green colour is known as हरितः (haritaḥ) and हरा in Hindi.

The word हरितः (haritaḥ) can be applied in a sentence as follows – वृक्षस्य पत्राणि हरितवर्णानि सन्ति। (vṛkṣasya patrāṇi haritavarṇāni santi।), which means “The tree’s leaves are green in colour”.

Grey - मेघवर्णः

In Sanskrit, Grey colour is known as मेघवर्णः (meghavarṇaḥ) and धूसर in Hindi.

The word मेघवर्णः (meghavarṇaḥ) can be applied in a sentence as follows – वर्षासमये मेघाः मेघवर्णाः सन्ति। (varṣāsamaye meghāḥ meghavarṇāḥ santi।), which means “During rain, clouds are grey in colour”.

Pink - पाटलः

In Sanskrit, Pink colour is known as पाटलः (pāṭalaḥ) and गुलाबी in Hindi.

The word पाटलः (pāṭalaḥ) can be applied in a sentence as follows – बालिकायै पाटलवर्णः रोचते। (bālikāyai pāṭalavarṇaḥ rocate।), which means “The girl likes pink colour”.

Yellow - पीतः

In Sanskrit, Yellow colour is known as पीतः (pītaḥ) and पीला in Hindi.

The word पीतः (pītaḥ) can be applied in a sentence as follows – कदलीफलं पीतवर्णम् अस्ति। (kadalīphalaṃ pītavarṇam asti।), which means “Banana is yellow in colour”.

Red - रक्तः

In Sanskrit, Red colour is known as रक्तः (raktaḥ) and लाल in Hindi.

The word रक्तः (raktaḥ) can be applied in a sentence as follows – सेवफलं रक्तवर्णम् अस्ति। (sevaphalaṃ raktavarṇam asti।), which means “Apple is red in colour”.

Saffron - कुङ्कुमम्

In Sanskrit, Saffron colour is known as कुङ्कुमम् (kuṅkumam) and केसरिया in Hindi.

The word कुङ्कुमम् (kuṅkumam) can be applied in a sentence as follows – मन्दिरस्य ध्वजः कुङ्कुमवर्णः अस्ति। (mandirasya dhvajaḥ kuṅkumavarṇaḥ asti।), which means “The temple flag is saffron in colour”.

Purple - धूमलवर्णः

In Sanskrit, Purple colour is known as धूमलवर्णः (dhūmalavarṇaḥ) and बैंगनी in Hindi.

The word धूमलवर्णः (dhūmalavarṇaḥ) can be applied in a sentence as follows – वृन्ताकं धूमलवर्णम् अस्ति। (vṛntākaṃ dhūmalavarṇam asti।), which means “The eggplant is purple in colour”.

Brown - कपिशः

In Sanskrit, Brown colour is known as कपिशः (kapiśaḥ) and भूरा in Hindi.

The word कपिशः (kapiśaḥ) can be applied in a sentence as follows – काष्ठं कपिशवर्णम् अस्ति। (kāṣṭhaṃ kapiśavarṇam asti।), which means “Wood is brown in colour”.

Golden - सुवर्णः

In Sanskrit, Golden colour is known as सुवर्णः (suvarṇaḥ) and सुनहरा in Hindi.

The word सुवर्णः (suvarṇaḥ) can be applied in a sentence as follows – आभूषणानि सुवर्णवर्णानि सन्ति। (ābhūṣaṇāni suvarṇavarṇāni santi।), which means “The ornaments are golden in colour”.

Silver - रजतवर्णः

In Sanskrit, Silver colour is known as रजतवर्णः (rajatavarṇaḥ) and रजत वर्ण in Hindi.

The word रजतवर्णः (rajatavarṇaḥ) can be applied in a sentence as follows – चमसः रजतवर्णः अस्ति। (camasaḥ rajatavarṇaḥ asti।), which means “The spoon is silver in colour”.

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