Sanskrit explained in English
Hope you have understood and learnt 1. Grammatical Numbers, Persons & Genders. 2. Cases & Tenses, 3. Word Forms, and 4. Word classes in chapter 1, 2, 3 & 4 respectively.
‘Sanskrit Suffixes’ is the fifth chapter in this series. From the name of the chapter, it is quite obvious that we will learn about suffixes in Sanskrit language.
Learning this chapter will help you:
Who is the chapter for?
In Sanskrit, suffixes are known as प्रत्ययाः(pratyayāḥ). Besides the suffixes that are added to verbs for tenses, there are some suffixes which are added to verbs which modify their meaning.
Whenever these suffixes are added to a verb, the verb’s form will never change.
The प्रत्ययाः (pratyayāḥ) are-
क्त्वा – Whenever this is added to a verb, it indicates something happening after the completion of the verb.
ल्यप् – This is exactly same as क्त्वा () but it is used for verbs which have a prefix ( उपसर्गः) added to them.
तुमुन् – This suffix is used in the sense, ‘to do’.
अनीयर् – This used in the sense, ‘should be done’.
तव्यत् – This is used in the sense, ‘should be done’.
Below given is a table of some commonly used verbs with their forms when suffixes are added to them.