Sanskrit Suffixes

प्रत्ययाः(pratyayāḥ)

Chapter

5

Skill Level

Intermediate

Language

Sanskrit explained in English

Overview

Hope you have understood and learnt 1. Grammatical Numbers, Persons & Genders. 2. Cases & Tenses,  3. Word Forms, and 4. Word classes in chapter 1, 2, 3 & 4 respectively.

‘Sanskrit Suffixes’ is the fifth chapter in this series. From the name of the chapter, it is quite obvious that we will learn about suffixes in Sanskrit language.

Learning this chapter will help you:

Who is the chapter for?

Sanskrit Suffixes
प्रत्ययाः(pratyayāḥ)

In Sanskrit, suffixes are known as प्रत्ययाः(pratyayāḥ). Besides the suffixes that are added to verbs for tenses, there are some suffixes which are added to verbs which modify their meaning.

Whenever these suffixes are added to a verb, the verb’s form will never change.

The प्रत्ययाः (pratyayāḥ) are- 

क्त्वा – Whenever this is added to a verb, it indicates something happening after the completion of the verb.

 ल्यप् – This is exactly same as क्त्वा () but it is used for verbs which have a prefix ( उपसर्गः) added to them.

तुमुन् – This suffix is used in the sense, ‘to do’. 

अनीयर् – This used in the sense, ‘should be done’.

तव्यत् – This is used in the sense, ‘should be done’.

Below given is a table of some commonly used verbs with their forms when suffixes are added to them.

धातुःक्त्वाल्यप्
कृकृत्वा
गम्गत्वाआगत्य
लिख्लिखित्वाविलिख्य
पठ्पठित्वाआपठ्य
नम्नत्वाप्रणम्य
दृश्दृष्ट्व
तुमुन्अनीयर्तव्यत्
कर्तुम्करणीयम्कर्तव्यम्
गन्तुम्गमनीयम्गन्तव्यम्
लेखितुम्लेखनीयम्लेखितव्यम्
पठितुम्पठनीयम्पठितव्यम्
नन्तुम्नमनीयम्नन्तव्यम्
द्रष्टुम्दर्शनीयम्द्रष्टव्यम्

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