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Learn Sanskrit Letters (वर्णाः)
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Sanskrit is written in the देवनागरी (Devanāgarī) script. In Sanskrit, Letters are known as वर्णाः (varṇāḥ). These are the letters of the Sanskrit alphabet. They are 46 in number. In Sanskrit, there are no capital or small letters.
There are two main types of letters in Sanskrit- the स्वराः (Svarāḥ) which are the 13 vowels and the व्यञ्जनानि (Vyañjanāni) which are the 33 consonants.
A syllable in Sanskrit is the mixture of one vowel and one or more consonants. Also, there are some varṇās which come after a vowel and cannot be pronounced by themselves. These are known as the अयोगवाहाः (ayogavāhāḥ).
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Learn about Māheśvarī-Sūtrāṇi also commonly known as the Maheshwara Sutras or Shiva Sutras or Maheshwari Sutras which are the fourteen sounds which contain all the letters of Sanskrit alphabet.
Learn about the Sanskrit Alphabet which is called the वर्णमाला (Varṇamālā). It contains all the letters of Sanskrit alphabet in a systematic way. It is quite similar to the Maheshwari Sutrani.
Learn about Sanskrit Vowels known as स्वराः (Svarāḥ), which are also known as अच् (Ac), as given in the Māheśvarī-Sūtrāṇi. These are given from अ (A) to च् (C).
Learn about Sanskrit Consonants which are called व्यञ्जनानि (Vyañjanāni). They are 33 in number. A consonant is a speech sound or pronunciation that is made with different parts of the mouth or throat or is nasal.
Learn about अयोगवाहाः (Ayogavāhāḥ) which are Letters in Sanskrit. These always come after vowels. They cannot be pronounced by themselves.