Subhashitas on Foolishness.

Foolishness is a lack of good sense or judgement or plain stupidity. Subhashitas are short, well-known sayings which state a general truth or piece of advice. They help us understand and learn the right ting to do. The proverbs listed here are taken from ancient Indian texts which have been written by many learned Rishis and Gurus.

सम्पूर्णकुम्भो न करोति शब्दम् अर्धो घटो घोषमुपैति नूनम्।
विद्वान् कुलीनो न करोति गर्वम् गुणैर्विहीनः बहु जल्पयन्ति॥

Transliteration
saṃpūrṇakumbho na karoti śabdam ardho ghaṭo ghoṣamupaiti nūnam।
vidvān kulīno na karoti garvam guṇairvihīnaḥ bahu jalpayanti॥

Meaning in English
A completely filled pitcher does not make any sound. Whereas, a half-filled pitcher always makes sound.
Likewise learned & noble people never pride on their achievements. Whereas, foolish people without good qualities or virtues boast about themselves.

भावार्थ
पूरा भरा हुआ घडा कभी आवाज नहीं करता लेकिन आधा भरा हुआ घडा हमेशा आवाज करता है।
जैसे विद्वान और कुलीन व्यक्ति कभी अपनी उपलब्धियों पर गर्व नहीं करते और गुणहीन, मूर्ख व्यक्ति हमेशा गर्व करते हैं॥

नमन्ति फलिनो वृक्षाः नमन्ति गुणिनो जनाः। 
शुष्क काष्ठश्च मूर्खश्च न नमन्ति कदाचन॥

Transliteration
namanti phalino vṛkṣāḥ namanti guṇino janāḥ। 
śuṣka kāṣṭhaśca mūrkhaśca na namanti kadācana॥

Meaning in English
(The branch of) A tree with lots of fruit bends down (towards the Earth). Virtuous people bow down (are polite), but a dry piece of wood does not bend nor does a foolish person.

भावार्थ
फल से लदे हुए वृक्ष (जमीन की ओर) झुक जाते हैं। गुणी लोग विनम्र होते हैं ।
परंतु सूखी लकडी और मूर्ख लोग कभी झुकते नहीं हैं।

उपदेशो हि मूर्खाणाम् प्रकोपाय न शान्तये ।
पयः पानम् भुजङ्गानाम् केवलम् विषवर्थनम् ॥

Transliteration
upadeśo hi mūrkhāṇām prakopāya na śāntaye ।
payaḥ pānam bhujaṅgānām kevalam viṣavarthanam ॥

Meaning in English
One must never give advice to foolish people, as it angers them instead of calming them. It is the same as feeding milk to a serpent which will lead to increase in its venom.

भावार्थ
मूर्ख को उपदेश करेंगे (सलाह देंगे) तो वह गुस्सा हो जाता है, शांत नही होता। साँप को दूध पिलाना, उसका विष बढाने जैसा है।

पृथिव्याम् त्रीणि रत्नानि जलमन्नम् सुभाषितम्।
मूढैः पाषाणखण्डेषु रत्नसञ्ज्ञा प्रदीयते॥

Transliteration
pṛthivyām trīṇi ratnāni jalamannam subhāṣitam।
mūḍhaiḥ pāṣāṇakhaṇḍeṣu ratnasañjñā pradīyate॥

Meaning in English
There are three jewels on the earth – water, food & good words. However fools regard pieces of rocks as jewels.

भावार्थ
पृथ्वी पर तीन ही रत्न है – जल, अन्न और अच्छे वचन। परंतु मूर्ख लोग पत्थर के टुकडे को रत्न कहते हैं।

मूर्खस्य चिह्नानि गर्वो दुर्वचनम् तथा ।
क्रोधश्च दृढवादश्च परवाक्येष्वनादरः ॥

Transliteration
mūrkhasya cihnāni garvo durvacanam tathā ।
krodhaśca dṛḍhavādaśca paravākyeṣvanādaraḥ ॥

Meaning in English
Five signs of a foolish person are…Vanity, Being abusive, Anger for no reason, baseless arguments &  lack of respect for others’ opinion.

भावार्थ
मूर्ख व्यक्ति के पाँच लक्षण है- गर्व करना, अपशब्द बोलना, क्रोध, अपनी गलत बात पर दृढ़ रहना और दूसरों की बातों का अनादर।

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