Letters

Viccheda-Samyoga

वर्णविच्छेदः & वर्णसंयोगः  वर्णविच्छेदः (varṇavicchedaḥ): This is the separation of letters (वर्णानि) of a certain word (शब्दः). e.g.- जननी = ज् + अ + न् + अ + न् + ई। भगवत् = भ् + अ + ग् + अ + व् + अ + त्। वर्णसंयोगः (varṇasaṃyogaḥ): This is the combination of different letters …

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Ayogavahau

अयोगवाहौ (Ayogavāhau) are Varnas in Sanskrit which always come after vowels. They cannot be pronounced by themselves. There are two such letters- विसर्गः (Visargaḥ) (ः) and अनुस्वारः (Anusvāraḥ) (ं). विसर्गः (Visargaḥ)– This अयोगवाहः (Ayogavāhaḥ) represents a repetitive sound which has the sound of the letter ह् (H) and the vowel that came before it. Its …

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Consonants

व्यञ्जनानि (Vyañjanāni) are the consonants of Sanskrit. They are 33 in number. Consonants, when not mixed with any vowel, are hard to pronounce. Hence, they are mixed with a vowel to create a syllable. Consonants can also be joined with other consonants to create conjunct consonants. There are two main types of consonants- वर्गीय-व्यञ्जनानि (Vargīya-Vyañjanāni), …

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The वर्णमाला (Varṇamālā) contains all the letters of Sanskrit alphabet in a systematic way. It is quite similar to the Māheśvarī-Sūtrāṇi.  Varṇamālā is divided into two parts – स्वराः (Svarāḥ) / Vowels and व्यञ्जनानि  (Vyañjanāni) / Consonants. There are three types of vowels: ह्रसव-स्वराः (Hrasava-Svarāḥ) / Short vowels – These are the vowels from which all other …

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स्वराः (Svarāḥ), are vowels of the Sanskrit alphabet. They are also known as अच् (Ac), as in the Māheśvarī-Sūtrāṇi, the vowels are given from अ (A) to च् (C). अइउण् । ऋऌक् । एओङ् । ऐऔच् । अच् Svaras in Sanskrit are considered as Svaras according to how long they retain their sound when spoken. …

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Maheshwari Sutras

The Māheśvarī-Sūtrāṇi are fourteen sounds which contain all the letters of the Sanskrit alphabet. Lord Shiva, when he performed the cosmic dance called Tandav Nritya for the sages, fourteen sounds (Maheshwari Sutras) were heard from his Damaru (musical instrument), which came to be known as the Śivasūtrajālam.. On hearing these sounds, sage Panini by the …

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