Weeks, Months and Seasons in Sanskrit

सप्ताहस्य वासराः (saptāhasya vāsarāḥ) means days of the week in Sanskrit.

मासाः (māsāḥ) means months in Sanskrit. Similar to the gregorian calendar system, there are 12 months in a year.

ऋतवः (ṛtavaḥ) means seasons in Sanskrit. There are six seasons mentioned in Sanskrit literature.

This list is helpful for students and newbies interested in learning Sanskrit.

When we learn any new language, we tend to first learn basic and common words. This list has Weeks Months and Seasons in Sanskrit, its transliteration along with English and Hindi names for everyone's learning and understanding.

Weeks Months and Seasons in Sanskrit

सप्ताहस्य वासराः
Days of the week

Week Day - 1

सोमवासरः (somavāsaraḥ)
इन्दुवासरः (induvāsaraḥ)

Monday in English
सोमवार in Hindi

Deity worshiped on this day

Lord Shiva

Week Day - 2

मङ्गलवासरः (maṅgalavāsaraḥ)
भौमवासरः (bhaumavāsaraḥ)

Tuesday in English
मंगलवार in Hindi

Deity worshiped on this day

Lord Ganesha

Week Day - 3

बुधवासरः (budhavāsaraḥ)
सौम्यवासरः(saumyavāsaraḥ)

Wednesday in English
बुधवार in Hindi

Deity worshiped on this day

Lord Vithal

Week Day - 4

गुरुवासरः (guruvāsaraḥ)
बृहस्पतिवासरः (bṛhaspativāsaraḥ)

Thursday in English
बृहस्पतिवार in Hindi

Deity worshiped on this day

Lord Dattatreya

Week Day - 5

शुक्रवासरः (śukravāsaraḥ)
भृगुवासरः (bhṛguvāsaraḥ)

Friday in English
शुक्रवार in Hindi

Deity worshiped on this day

Goddess Lakshmi

Week Day - 6

शनिवासरः (śanivāsaraḥ)
स्थिरवासरः(sthiravāsaraḥ)

Saturday in English
शनिवार in Hindi

Deity worshiped on this day

Lord Hanuman and
Lord Shani

Week Day - 7

रविवासरः (ravivāsaraḥ)
भानुवासरः (bhānuvāsaraḥ)

Sunday in English
रविवार in Hindi

Deity worshiped on this day

Lord Surya

मासाः | Months

Month - 1

चैत्रः (caitraḥ)

Is known as चैत्र in Hindi and occurs during the months of March and April.

Month - 2

वैशाखः (vaiśākhaḥ)

Is known as वैशाख in Hindi and Occurs during the months of April and May.

Month - 3

ज्येष्ठः (jyeṣṭhaḥ)

Is known as ज्येष्ठ in Hindi and occurs during the months of May and June.

Month - 4

आषाढः (āṣāḍhaḥ)

Is known as आषाढ़ in Hindi and occurs during the months of June and July.

Month - 5

श्रावणः (śrāvaṇaḥ)

Is known as श्रावण in Hindi and occurs during the months of July and August.

Month - 6

भाद्रपदः (bhādrapadaḥ)

Is known as भाद्रपद in Hindi and occurs during the months of August and September.

Month - 7

अश्विनः (aśvinaḥ)

Is known as अश्विन in Hindi and occurs during the months of September and October.

Month - 8

कार्तिकः (kārtikaḥ)

Is known as कार्तिक in Hindi and occurs during the months of October and November.

Month - 9

मार्गशीर्षः (mārgaśīrṣaḥ)

Is known as मार्गशीर्ष in Hindi and occurs during the months of November and December.

Month - 10

पौषः (pauṣaḥ)

Is known as पौष in Hindi and occurs during the months of December and January.

Month - 11

माघः (māghaḥ)

Is known as माघ in Hindi and occurs during the months of January and February.

Month - 12

फाल्गुनः (phālgunaḥ)

Is known as फाल्गुन in Hindi and occurs during the months of February and March.

ऋतवः (ṛtavaḥ) | Seasons

वसन्तः (vasantaḥ)

This occurs in the months of
चैत्र: and वैशाखः

This is Spring.

ग्रीष्मः (grīṣmaḥ)

This occurs in the months of
ज्येष्ठ: and आषाढः

This is Summer.

वर्षा (varṣā)

This occurs in the months of
श्रावणः and भाद्रपदः

This is Monsoon.

शरद् (śarad)

This occurs in the months of
अश्विनः and कार्तिकः

This is Autumn.

हेमन्तः (hemantaḥ)

This occurs in the months of
 मार्गशीर्षः and पौषः

This is Pre-Winter.

शिशिरः (śiśiraḥ)

This occurs in the months of
माघः and फाल्गुनः

This is Winter.